2021 Nobel Prize in Literature: Abdulrazak Gurnah named prize winner

Abdulrazak Gurnah

The Swedish Academy congratulated Gurnah on his "uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism".The award is presented by the Swedish Academy and is endowed with 10 million Swedish crowns (1.14 million US dollar / 840,000 GBP).Gurnah, 73, is the author of 10 novels, including Paradise and Desertion.He said how grateful he was to the academy and added:

 "It's just great - it's just a big prize, and such a huge list of wonderful writers - I am still taking it in.Dedication to truth Paradise, published in 1994, tells the story of a boy in his early twenties. "Abdulrazak Gurnah's dedication to truth and his aversion to simplification are striking," the Nobel Committee for Literature said in a statement."His novels recoil from stereotypical descriptions and open our gaze to a culturally diversified East Africa unfamiliar to many in other parts of the world.

""[His] characters find themselves in a hiatus between cultures and continents, between a life that was and a life emerging; it is an insecure state that can never be resolved." Born in Zanzibar in 1948, Gurnah came to England as a refugee in the late 1960s.Until his last retirement, he was Professor of English and Postcolonial Literature at the University of Kent, Canterbury.Gurnah is the first black African author to win the award since Wole Soyinka in 1986 He said his award would mean "discussing" topics such as the refugee crisis and the colonialism he is experiencing."These are things that are with us every day. People are dying, people are being hurt around the world - we must deal with these issues in the most kind way,"

He said. Much more violent  "I came to England when these words, such as asylum-seeker, were not quite the same - more people are struggling and running from terror states."The world is much more violent than it was in the 1960s, so there is now greater pressure on the countries that are safe, they inevitably draw more people."The Nobel Prizes, awarded since 1901, recognise achievements in the fields of literature, science, peace and, more recently, economics.Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill won the prize for his memoirs, Bertrand Russell for his philosophy and Bob Dylan for his writings.The American poet Louise Gluck won the prize last year.

Sources:- BBC.com

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