The festival of Govardhan Puja marks the fourth day of the five-day long Diwali festivities on the Pratipada date of Kartik Shukla Paksha. This year, it is being celebrated on November 5. On this day, govardhan parvat  (Mount Govardhan) and Lord Krishna are worshipped. 

As per the Hindu calendar, the date of Govardhan Puja festival varies every year. This time, Govardhan Puja will be celebrated on 5th November 2021.The Pratipada date of Kartik Shukla Paksha will start from 2:45 am on November 5 and will last till 11.14 pm.

Morning Puja Muhurta - 6:36 am to 8.47 am

Evening Muhurta - 3:22 pm to 5:33 pm

The significance of this puja is 

Govardhan Puja is celebrated to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna over Lord Indra. According to our history,  villagers of Vrindavan used to offer numerous meals to Lord Indra who is the God of rain and storm to ensure that Lord Indra kept blessing them with timely rainfall and good harvest. When Lord Krishna raised his voice against the practice as he found it unfair, Indra Dev found it offensive, and Krishna proposed the villagers to feed their own families instead of investing in the gods.

This angered Indra Dev and expressed his anger in the  form of endless rain and thunderstorms. The rain continued for days when Krishna lifted the Govardhan Parvat (Mountain) to save the lives of the villagers. Krishna lifted the mountain for seven days on his tiny finger.

After this incident, Lord Indra finally felt sorry in front of Krishna and ended the storm. Since then, Govardhan Puja is performed and women cook numerous Indian dishes including halwa, ladoos, mishri and peda dedicated to Krishna.

Govardhan Puja 2021: Puja Vidhi

People used to prepare 56 or 108 kinds of meals cooked with wheat, rice, and gram flour on Govardhan Puja; these delicacies were then offered to Lord Krishna. To mark the festival, a hillock is created from cow dung which is referred to as Govardhan and is decorated with flowers. The devotees walk all the way round the hillock to pray to Lord Govardhan for their wellbeing and to safeguard their families. 

Scientific importance of Gowardhan puja

This festival of Govardhan is also very important from a scientific point of view. People in rural areas also smear their houses with cow dung on this day. Cow dung contains a bacterium Mycobacterium vaccae, which activates a group of neurons in the brain that produce serotonin – a neurotransmitter that contributes to feelings of wellbeing and happiness. So the next time you're feeling depressed try walking into a cow barn and get a lungful of the fresh fragrance of cow dung.In fact, many bacteria or germs which are produced during the rainy season and increase the risk of diseases die due to cow dung. Thus protecting people from disease.



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