India's population at high risk, warns the health experts

India's population at high risk, warns the health experts

India's population at high risk, warns the health experts

In the last phase of 2021, Indian population is set to witness a severe fall in near future, warns the health experts in India. They said,'Total fertility rate has fallen below replacement level for the first time. Shocky, it is now only 2!' Fertility rate means the average number of children born to a child. This survey report was published on Wednesday for phase-2 states along with all India data. From all the larger states which have been surveyed, there were only three big states which include Bihar(3.0), Uttar Pradesh (2.4) and Jharkhand (2.3). The lowest fertility rate is in Jammu and Kashmir (1.4). Notably, Jammu and Kashmir is the only state which had marked its presence in the highest infertility rate ie. 0.6 in the last survey in 2015-16. Moreover, again they have confirmed this position in the latest survey.
V K Paul, health member of NITI Aayog, said,'NFHS-5 shows momentum towards achieving sustainable development goals. Hence, it is getting further accelerated. Data entry from the survey would help the government achieve Universal health coverage.' The Government had launched the family planning program in 1952 to slow down the population of the nation. In this context, one Central officer has remarked that,'India, for long, has been working on population control. In fact, India was the first country to launch a national level family planning program and the encouraging results that we see now are due to sustained, concerted efforts put together by the Centre, and the state governments.'



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