Krishna Janmashtami also known as Gokulashtami, SaatamAatham, Yadukula Ashtami is a Hindu festival which is all about celebrating the birth of lord Krishna the eighth child of his mother Devaki. The number eight has got a great significance in the life of lord Krishna as because he was born on the eighth (ashtami) the day of dark fortnight in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September) which is also known as Krishna Paksha or the new moon phase of the Shravan or Bhadrapada.
Janmashtami is celebrated for two days because of specific reasons as the date and constellation have a special significance as it is mentioned in the Hindu puranas that lord Krishna was born in Rohini Nakshatra on the eighth day of the Krishna paksha. The first day is Samrta Sampradaya and the second day is for Vishnava Sampradya. Even his birthday is celebrated eight days after rakshabandhan, a festival celebrating bonds of brother and sister. Every year this festival falls on the Ashtami tithi or Krishna paksha. Lord Krishna is thought to have been born in 3228 BC.
This occasion is observed especially and has a great significance in northern India in Mathura and Vrindavan, where lord Krishna has spent his childhood and his early youth days. That’s why Mathura is even called “Krishna bhumi”. His birth is also considered as a special indication because lord Krishna’s life marks the passing of the Dvapara age and the beginning of the kal yuga. Lord Krishna according to the Hindu Sataras is the god of love, tenderness and compassion.
The birth of lord Krishna is marked as an important festival for the Hindus and this festival is celebrated by all the Hindus the world. This festival is celebrated by keeping fast on that day. The devotees break their fast on the next day after midnight. The Devotees observe the fast, don't consume any type of grain and follow all the rules of ekadashi fasting. Many devotees even keep the fast throughout the celebrations and break their fast on Asthami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra is completed.
The day before celebrating Janmashtami devotees consume only one meal and begin their prayer for lord Krishna. They also worship lord Krishna by doing Aarti and singing kirtan and bhajans. On the very day the idol of lord Krishna is washed with milk and holy Ganga water and then the idol is decorated with new clothes and jewels. Janmashtami puja takes place in many places where lord Krishna is placed on the cot in the baby form and people celebrate the puja.
To celebrate this day many temples are decorated with flowers and lights and functions take place. The festival has also got a huge significance and it is mainly known for the “Bhog'' which is offered to lord Krishna which consists of different dishes popularly known as chappan bhog thali and consists of the milk made sweets another most important part of this bhog is “Makhana Paag” which is specially prepared during this occasion with lotus seeds, ghee, milk. Milk made products are the most popular part of the chappan bhog. Another major part of this festival includes “Dahi handi” which takes place on the day of janmashtami during midnight on the day of Krishna janmashtami.
This event takes place where the handi is tied up with rope at a certain height and is decorated with flowers. People form pyramids and the topmost person will break the handi. Lord Krishna was even called Makhan Chor in his childhood and that’s the reason why this event takes place on every janmashtami.
This festival is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in temples and in homes, even in schools. This auspicious festival is celebrated by dressing little boys and girls in the form of Radha and Krishna and even in many spiritual places performs dance and dramas on lord Krishna’s life. The Rasa Lila show is one of the major attractions which takes place in many temples and for that a large number of devotees gather to see it. It will be celebrated on 30th August 2021. This auspicious day is celebrated all over India from Mathura to Gujrat, to West Bengal and Tamilnadu.
The Asthami Date begins at 11:25 PM on 29th of August and ends at 01:59 on 31st of August in 2021.
The auspicious puja for this festival is celebrated during mid-night as this time marks the birth of lord Krishna, this holy time is also known as “Nishita Kaal”. The puja timing falls on 12:08 am and 12:55 am on 31st August. The Chandrodaya Moment begins at 12:16 am on 31st August.
The birth of lord Krishna is believed to take place to kill the cruel ruler Kansha however Kansa tried to kill baby Krishna but failed many times. The celebration of Janmashtami is done to celebrate the joy over evil and spread love and brotherhood among all.
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