Lancet study finds two COVID symptoms that could last a year
Nearly half of people hospitalised for COVID had at least one ongoing symptom, such as shortness of breath and fatigue, that lasted for up to a year, according to a recently published study in The Lancet Journal.
The study found that shortness of breath and lung problems lasted the longest, with about one in three experiencing them.
The study was based on 1,276 patients from Wuhan in China and found that "most symptoms" of hospitalised patients with Covid disappeared within a year. He found that hospitalised covid survivors had worse health than those not infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
“While most had made a good recovery, health problems persisted in some patients, especially those who had been critically ill during their hospital stay,” researcher Bin Cao, from the National centre for Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital in China, said in a statement.
He added, "Our findings suggest that recovery for some patients will take longer than one year, and this should be taken into account when planning delivery of healthcare services post-pandemic".
The same research team had previously reported the results of 1,733 survivors hospitalised six months after infection. This study found that three quarters of patients had persistent health problems.
In a long study, 1,276 out of 1,722 were subjected to a long examination for 12 months. These participants underwent a health assessment six and twelve months after the onset of symptoms.
The team found that most symptoms resolved over time, regardless of the severity of the infection. The proportion of patients who still have at least one symptom after one year has increased from 68% after six months to 49% after 12 months.
Muscle weakness was also a frequently reported symptom, and about half of the patients developed it after six months. This has been reduced to one in five patients.
One-third of patients reported shortness of breath after 12 months, more than the 30 percent who reported such symptoms after six months. After six months, 353 patients underwent a CT scan. Half of them presented with a pulmonary abnormality on the CT scan and it was recommended to have a CT scan after 12 months.
118 patients who completed the scan at 12 months, the number of people whose abnormalities disappeared but were still high in some critically ill people.
Compared to men, women were 1.4 times more likely to report fatigue and muscle weakness, twice as likely to report anxiety or depression, and three times as likely to report lung failure after 12 months.
Patients treated with corticosteroids during the illness had a 1.5 times higher risk of fatigue or muscle weakness after 12 months than those who were not treated with corticosteroids.
Sources:- Times of India
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