Madras high court explained why states get more seats in parliament that can’t curb on population

Madras high court

The Madras high court has recently ratified an order asking the Centre why southern states like Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh which have successfully regulated population will have a limited number of seats in Parliament than states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, which have high population. The bench of Justice N Kirubakaran and B Pugalendhi enacted the order on August 17, before Justice Kirubakaran retired, Bar and Bench reported.

The order notified that Tamil Nadu should be monetarily reimbursed for the past 14 elections and the amount, according to the court's estimate, will be around ₹5,600 crores."Population control cannot be a factor to decide the number of political representatives of the States in the Parliament. Those States which failed to implement the birth control programmes were benefited with more political representatives in Parliament whereas States, especially, southern States, namely Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, which successfully implemented the birth control programmes stood to lose 2 seats in each Parliament .

States have been reorganised on linguistic basis as per the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. India is a multi-religious, multi-racial and multi-linguistic country. Therefore, the powers should be distributed equally and there should be a balance of powers", the Court said.The high court said Tamil Nadu had 41 representatives in the Lok Sabha until 1962. Owing to a decrease in population, the number of Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha constituencies was curtailed to 39. It is not about two seats as every vote matters, the court said citing the 1999 no-confidence gesture against the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government.The government had no fault as the number of political delegates was lessened based on the population count, the court said, adding that its quota of Rajya Sabha seats should be increased in that case. That way, it will also become an acknowledgement of Tamil Nadu’s profitable birth control programme.




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