Pollution Could Shorten 40% Life Expectancy of 9-Year-Old Indians: Study (Image Source: DNA)
According to a report by the United state research group, air pollution will reduce the life expectancy of Indians by about 40% in nine years.
According to the Energy Policy Report from the Institute of the University of Chicago (EPIC), more than 480 million people are exposed to extremely high levels of pollution across much of central, eastern and northern India, including the capital New Delhi.
“Alarmingly, India’s high levels of air pollution have expanded geographically over time,” according to the EPIC study, reported by the Reuters news agency on Wednesday.
For example, air quality has significantly worsened in the western state of Maharashtra and the central state of Madhya Pradesh, it said.
The EPIC report praised India's National Clean Air Program (NCAP), which was launched in 2019 to reduce hazardous pollution levels, and said that "meeting and enforcing" the NCAP goals would increase the expectation of an overall life span of 1, 7 years can increase. .
NCAP aims to reduce pollution in the 102 hardest hit cities by 20-30% by 2024 by reducing exhaust emissions from industrial vehicles and automobiles, introducing strict regulations on transportation fuels, and reducing biomass burning and dust pollution. It will also lead to better surveillance systems.
According to IQAir, a Swiss group that measures air quality by the concentration of lung-damaging particles in the air, known as PM2.5, New Delhi was the world's most polluted capital for the third year in a row in 2020. Last year, the 20 million people in New Delhi who breathed the cleanest air ever due to the coronavirus lockdown battled toxic air after closing in winter. “In neighbouring Punjab and Haryana, the incineration of agricultural waste has increased.
According to EPIC, neighbouring Bangladesh could increase average life expectancy by 5.4 years if the country improves air quality to the levels recommended by the World Health Organisation.
To determine the number of life expectancies, EPIC compared the health status of people who had been exposed to various air pollutants over a long period of time and applied the results to different locations in India and elsewhere.
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