Tamil Nadu's Lok Sabha seats are being reduced as a result of population control success, according to the court

Source:- NDTV

Chennai: The Madras high court has stated that Tamil Nadu has had "unfair" political representation in the Lok Sabha since 1962, when the state successfully reduced its population. 

The court, in a ruling issued on August 17, urged the central to investigate whether Tamil Nadu's and Andhra Pradesh's Lok Sabha representations can be restored, or if the two states may be paid monetarily. Tamil Nadu would be compensated in the amount of Rs 5,600 crore, according to the court.

"Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh lost 2 Lok Sabha seats after they effectively controlled population. Why states which could not successfully implement population benefits with more representation in Parliament? Why not compensate these states with equal Rajya Sabha states," the bench of Justices N Kirubakaran and B Pugalendhi asked. Justice Kirubakaran retired a few days ago.

Tamil Nadu had 41 Lok Sabha members until 1962. After successfully controlling its population growth, the state's Lok Sabha representation was lowered to 39 ahead of the 1967 general elections.

"Notionally, the contribution of a Member of Parliament in 5 years could be taken at least as Rs.200 crores, though it cannot be determined monetarily. Therefore for every election, Tamil Nadu should be compensated with a sum of. Rs.400 crores for reduction of two political representatives. If that is so, Tamil Nadu has to get the compensation for the loss of two seats in 14 elections, viz.,28 seats, which amounts to approximately Rs.5,600 crores”, the bench said. 

 The court also ordered the centre to investigate whether Article 81 may be changed to retain the same number of parliamentary constituencies regardless of population changes in the states.

 The matter has been rescheduled for four weeks for additional consideration.This comes as the BJP government is constructing a new parliament. According to reports, the new Lok Sabha will have 1,000 seats.

 The original petition sought to convert Tenkasi's reserved Lok Sabha seat into a general seat, allowing candidates from other communities to run. A revolving mechanism was requested in the petition. The court, however, rejected the plea, citing Tenkasi's substantial population of scheduled castes as a reason.

 The original petition sought to convert Tenkasi's reserved Lok Sabha seat into a general seat, allowing candidates from other communities to run. A revolving mechanism was requested in the petition. The court, however, rejected the plea, citing Tenkasi's substantial population of scheduled castes as a reason.

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