World Heart Day 2021: Cardiologist dispels misconceptions about heart disease

World Heart Day 2021 (Image: Piniterest)

World Heart Day 2021 (Image: Piniterest)

Our heart is one of the most important organs because it supplies our cells with oxygen and nutrients and also excretes waste. Any sign of a heart problem should be taken seriously when it comes to your longevity and survival. Eating right, exercising, not smoking or drinking alcohol, and avoiding junk food are important in preventing heart disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, and other conditions. More than four in five deaths from cardiovascular disease are due to heart attacks and strokes, and a third of these deaths occur prematurely in people under the age of 70, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

World Heart Day is celebrated on September 29 every year to raise awareness of cardiovascular disease and reduce the global burden of disease.

Heart health has become of paramount importance in the era of Covid as sudden heart attacks tend to increase in severity and even affect people between the ages of 40 and 50. Improper lifestyles, unhealthy diets, heavy smoking or a history of heart disease can all contribute to increased heart problems in young people.

It is high time to adopt a healthy lifestyle or our hearts will suffer. Many people think that heart disease only occurs in the elderly or in people over the age of 50, but the truth is that it can occur at any time from childhood until the early 1920s. Fortis Heart & Vascular Institute, Gurugram & Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, some common heart disease myths.

Misconception 1: Young people don't have to worry about heart disease. Heart disease affects people over 50

Reality: Heart disease today is not just influenced by age. They also occur in young adults. From childhood and adolescence, plaque can build up in the arteries and later lead to clogged arteries. Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are several factors that can lead to heart disease in young and medium-sized people.

Misconception 2: I am young. I can eat junk food. I don't need any sport because I am in top form.

Reality: Unhealthy diets and an inactive lifestyle are dangerous for young adults. Young people should know that their current lifestyle definitely affects their risk of cardiovascular disease later in life.

Misconception 3: I have diabetes, but it's under control, so it can't affect my heart.

Reality: Taking and managing diabetes medications can help reduce the risk of heart disease. But once you develop diabetes, you're still at an increased risk for heart disease. One simple reason for this is that the risk factors that contribute to diabetes also increase the likelihood of developing heart disease. Some common risk factors include high blood pressure, overweight and obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and smoking.

Misconception 4: High cholesterol does not occur in young people. I would have to be at least middle-aged to have my cholesterol checked.

Fact: It is recommended that you have your cholesterol checked every 5 years from the age of 20. It's a good idea to start a cholesterol test earlier if your family has a history of heart disease. Children in these families may have high cholesterol, which puts them at increased risk of developing heart disease as adults.

Misconception 5: I can't do anything to prevent heart disease because my family takes care of me and we have a long family history of heart disease.

Reality: It's true that people with a family history of heart disease are always at higher risk of developing heart problems, but a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce that risk and prevent lifelong heart disease. An active lifestyle, cholesterol control, blood pressure, well-controlled blood sugar levels, smoking cessation and maintaining a healthy weight are some of the factors that can prevent heart disease, even if the family has serious cardiovascular disease.




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